What is RedCLARA?
RedCLARA is a non-profit organisation, and an advanced network; it is a human network and a physical one.
Human network: RedCLARA -Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas (Latin American Cooperation of Advanced Networks)- is a non-profit International Law Organisation, whose legal existence is dated on 23 December 2003, when it was acknowledged as such by the legislation of Uruguay. RedCLARA is constituted by 13 Latin American countries and its Assembly –where each country has representation- meets every six months to define courses of action and the policies to be implemented.
Physical network: RedCLARA is the only regional Advanced Internet network in Latin America.
The backbone of RedCLARA is comprised of ten main routing nodes connected in a point-to-point topology. Each main node (IP - Internet Protocol) characterizes a PoP (Point of Presence) for RedCLARA; nine of them are located in a different Latin American country -Sao Paulo (SAO - Brazil), Buenos Aires (BUE - Argentina), Santiago (SCL - Chile), Lima (LIM - Peru), Guayaquil (GYE - Ecuador), Bogota (BOG - Colombia), Panama (PTY - Panama), San Salvador (SSV - El Salvador) and Tijuana (TIJ - Mexico)-, while the tenth is placed in Miami (MIA - United States).
All LA-NREN connections to the RedCLARA network, are ending at one of the nine Latin American nodes. Thanks to the ALICE (ended in March 2008) and ALICE2 (running from December 2008 to August 2012) projects, the RedCLARA backbone is interconnected with a multi-gigabit pan-European data communications network named GÉANT through the RedCLARA SAO PoP to the GÉANT2 entry point in Madrid (Spain - ES). RedCLARA is also connected to USA trough the links established in RedCLARA's PoP in MIA and SAO, the first one connected to the Atlantic Wave exchange point and the second to the MAN LAN in New York. Some important links have been gave to RedCLARA by RNP and WHREN-LILA. RNOP has contributed with two links of 1 Gbps between Panama and Miami, and a 10 Gbps stretch between Santiago (Chile) and Miami.
In terms of capacity, RedCLARA is developing a new infrastructure between the Latin American nodes; this infrastructure is based in IRUs (Irrestrictible Right of Use) at 10 or 15 years. Thanks to this, RedCLARA already has dark fibre in Central America going from Panama to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Mexico, a 10 Gbps backbone between Santiago (Chile) and Buenos Aires (Argentina), and a lambda of 10 Gbps between Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Porto Alegre (Brazil).
CLARA or RedCLARA?
On June 10th, 2003, in Valle de Bravo, Mexico, the Memorandum of Association of the Latin American Cooperation of Advanced Networks, CLARA, was signed. CLARA is a non profit civil association which develops, administrates and runs a regional network of Advanced Internet called RedCLARA. With the passing of time, the name RedCLARA was used to refer both to the institution and the network; in response to this habit made popular among CLARA’s members, peer networks at a global level and researchers, since March 2011 CLARA and the network it operates are both known as RedCLARA.
What is an advanced network?
Advanced networks allow scientists, researchers, academics, professors and students to collaborate by sharing information and tools through a series of network interconnections. These networks represent an area that is different from commercial (or public) internet; an area that exists in a dedicated parallel space across the globe exclusively for research and education communities; this is what we call advanced networks. Latin America’s advanced network is RedCLARA, which interconnects the national academic networks from Latin American countries, and every continent and/or subcontinent in the globe has its own regional network. All these networks are in turn interconnected to each other.
By making use of advanced networks, academics and researchers can collaborate across different countries and continents, regardless of distances and borders.
Advanced networks serve two fundamental purposes:
- To support the work of researchers and academics through the provision of an large-capacity infrastructure for data communication, which enables the fast transfer of large amounts of data.
- To act as a powerful research tool, by providing a platform over which researchers and innovators can develop and test new network services and technologies.
Many of the advances in telecommunications and networks were developed thanks to advanced networks and many of the technologies that will be used in the future are currently being developed in them.
What is the purpose of the connection to RedCLARA?
RedCLARA is +Network +Science, and the connectivity and services that operate online over its Advanced Network infrastructure are aimed at promoting the development of Latin American scientific-academic collaboration initiatives; through RedCLARA, researchers, scientists and academics across the region can collaborate with their peers worldwide, develop research and projects, conduct tests and much more. The possibilities are only limited by their own uses and interests.
Is there any difference between being connected to the (public/commodity) commercial internet and being connected to RedCLARA?
There are significant differences in terms of speed and actual capacities for data transfer. However, the fundamental difference lies in the fact that RedCLARA is an advanced network, and therefore it is a space dedicated solely and exclusively to research and academic communities and to the individuals who are part of them. This means that data transfer is never affected by the logjams that take place in the commercial internet, which clearly enhances the results of research.
Is my country connected to RedCLARA?
The countries currently connected to RedCLARA are: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, México, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Please note that RedCLARA only connects Latin American countries, and they are interconnected to advanced networks in the rest of the world, and through them with the national academic networks in every country in the globe.
How can I know if I am connected to RedCLARA?
This is very simple. Look for this icon on the top part of the website.
If the needle is in the red zone, you are not connected.
If the needle is in the blue zone you are connected.
How can I know if my institution is connected to RedCLARA?
All the institutions connected are shown on the map of connections. Follow this link and check.
My institution is connected to RedCLARA. What is the use of this for me? What benefits can I have?
Apart from the benefits described in the questions above, when you register in Colaboratorio, the portal developed by RedCLARA to support and promote Latin American scientific-academic collaboration, you will be able to use the different tools and services that our advanced network offers for the materialisation of your objectives and those of your collaborative research.
Through the tools and services available free of charge in Colaboratorio, you will be able to access and be part of the discussions and events of the communities belonging to RedCLARA, organise and take part in web conferences, book multipoint rooms for H.323 conferences, search and find documents produced by RedCLARA and the communities that are part of it, transfer heavy files, apply for funds for projects, approach partners and collaborators for your research and projects. And you will be certainly able to create your own community.
Can any person or institution in Latin America get connected to RedCLARA?
Every country in Latin America can get connected to RedCLARA through its National Research and Education Network, NREN. The countries currently connected to our network are Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, México, Uruguay and Venezuela.
What kind of institutions can get connected to CLARA?
The National Research and Education Network in every country (as full member).
Legal entities with a regional or intercontinental scope, which are interested in the development of science, technology and innovation in society in general, and in higher education in particular (as regional members).
Advanced academic and research networks with a continental scope, with characteristics similar to RedCLARA, in terms of infrastructure and applications (as peer members).
Multinational companies that are interested in promoting CLARA’s objectives and activities, and with a general interest in science, technology and innovation (as entrepreneurial members).
Can all the institutions associated to CLARA get connected to RedCLARA?
No, they cannot. RedCLARA only connects the National Research and Education Networks from Latin American countries (one per country). Although all member networks should be connected, it is possible that one of them is not connected temporarily and for a short period of time, due to internal reasons in each network.
Who owns RedCLARA and how are CLARA and RedCLARA funded?
RedCLARA belongs to its full members, that is, the National Research and Education Networks that are part of it, and it is funded through the membership paid by its members, as well as through projects funded by international agencies for specific purposes.